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Cocaine Addiction Programme
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Cocaine Addiction Programme

Cocaine addiction treatment at Clarity

Cocaine is a powerful and dangerous stimulant which can cause significant physical and psychological harm, including the development of a cocaine addiction.
When you use cocaine, the drug can cause a variety of intense yet short-lived pleasurable effects, prompting repeated use in order to re-experience the pleasurable effects. However, users can also experience a physical and psychological crash when the effects of cocaine wear off. Longer-term, it can lead to people suffering from anxiety, depression, paranoia and panic attacks.
In this manner, one-time cocaine use can quickly turn into a pattern of misuse, which can lead to cocaine addiction. However, with proper professional care, you can regain control over your life, end your dependence upon cocaine, and resume your pursuit of a happier and healthier life.

Signs of Cocaine Addiction

Typical signs and symptoms of current cocaine addiction include:
  • Increased agitation.
  • Effusive enthusiasm.
  • Disinhibition.
  • Increased movement (i.e. hyperactivity).
  • Increased common cold-like symptoms and/or nosebleeds.
  • Signs of involuntary movements (i.e. muscle tics).
  • Changes in concentration and focus.

Symptoms of Cocaine Addiction

  • One of the most serious effects of cocaine addiction is heart muscle damage. Cocaine may cause damage by inducing cell death in the muscles of the heart (cardiomyopathy). Intravenous cocaine use can lead to inflammation of the inner tissues of the organ (endocarditis).
  • These cellular effects of cocaine cumulate into serious conditions such as heart attacks and cardiac arrhythmias, which may be fatal.

Other symptoms of cocaine-induced cardiotoxicity include:

  • Inflammation of heart muscle.
  • Rupture of the aorta, the major artery leading from the heart.
  • Severe decline in health and life quality due to reductions in cardiac function or severe blood loss.
  • Cocaine-induced heart failure or damage may also increase the risk of stroke, or brain damage resulting from interruptions in the blood supply available to the brain.
  • The addiction of this drug is also associated with kidney damage. The prolonged abuse of cocaine is thought to be related to the inflammation of important microstructures within this organ.

Associated Symptoms of Cocaine Addiction

Cocaine addiction is also associated with changes in brain chemistry over time. These changes are associated with the increased ‘need’ for cocaine as well as behavioural abnormalities that may result from taking and abusing cocaine. These behavioural anomalies associated with its effects may include:
  • Unusually erratic behaviour (which may even result in unintentional trauma incurred during accidents).
  • Psychotic symptoms.
  • New-onset Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
  • Even users who regard their use as ‘recreational’ may be at risk of neurological changes that affect their lives. ‘Recreational’ use is associated with the decreased ability to regulate and control behaviour, leading to reduced abilities to control movements, react to environmental stimuli and carry out daily activities. Long-term use is also associated with deficits in cognitive performance, attention, and decision-making abilities.
  • Other risks stemming from addiction include bloodborne infectious conditions such as HIV or hepatitis C (HCV). These risks are not just related to the injection of cocaine and the adverse effects of irresponsible and non-sterile needle. Associated risks for up to 7 out of 10 cocaine abusers are hypersexuality or sex addictions, sexual promiscuity and high-risk sexual practices whilst under the influence of cocaine.

Overcoming Cocaine Addiction - Cocaine Addiction Treatment

There are many treatment options available for cocaine dependence and Addiction. At Clarity these are delivered as an inpatient where the cocaine abuser is accommodated under strict supervision for the duration of their therapy.
Alternatively, some cocaine abusers may make regular appointments at a center or clinic to receive treatment (i.e. outpatient treatment). Clarity recommend inpatient treatment due to the high levels of relapse with outpatient treatment and reduced treatment outcomes in community-based settings

Behavioural Therapies to tackle Cocaine Addiction at Clarity

At Clarity overcoming cocaine addiction means undergoing treatment that is both behavioural and pharmacological. Behavioural therapies are psychosocial treatments that address the reasons, motivations and underlying psychological issues associated with a person’s cocaine addiction.
Current research indicates that behavioural therapy techniques for overcoming cocaine addiction are particularly effective in patients affected by both cocaine addiction and substance dependence.
Another form of behavioural treatment to help patients overcome cocaine addiction at Clarity is dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT). This type of treatment addresses the reasons behind the substance addiction, and helps to alter maladaptive ways of thinking, feeling and acting that may be contributing to the cocaine addiction. Crisis management therapy is delivered to teach cocaine addicts how to respond to stressful situations without returning to cocaine abuse after treatment is completed.

Pharmacological Therapies for Cocaine Addiction

Pharmacological (or drug-based) therapies refers to medications administered to help overcome cocaine addiction by physiological means.
This type of treatment uses medications that may mimic cocaine, but to a reduced or different extent. The doses of these medications are reduced (or ‘tapered’) over time, thus ‘weaning’ the patient away from their cocaine addiction and allowing them to work on abstinence and recovery from cocaine addiction.
An emerging form of pharmacotherapy for dependence is methylphenidate treatment. This medication is prescribed to treat ADHD and is like cocaine in terms of neurological effects. However, the stimulant effects of methylphenidate act on the brain for a longer duration, but elicit fewer extreme reactions, compared to cocaine. The hope is to alleviate the ‘need’ for cocaine, and an overall cessation of cocaine addiction over time.
It is important to note that medically assisted treatment of any type is very programme specific, and not offered universally. Clarity have an onsite medical detox clinic and 24-hour nursing team specifically trained to deal with the symptoms of cocaine addiction and medical detoxification.

Cocaine Addiction Help

The stimulant drug cocaine has a very short half-life of less than an hour, meaning that it quickly takes effect and also rapidly leaves the bloodstream. Stimulant drugs elevate heart rate, temperature, and blood pressure. The “high” can produce extreme euphoria, heightened energy levels, and elevated self-confidence, although the feelings do not last very long. This often results in cocaine being abused repeatedly in a binge pattern. Cocaine is produced in two main forms: powdered cocaine that is smoked, snorted, or injected, and rock form or “crack” cocaine that is typically smoked. Smoking and injecting cocaine send it straight into the brain and may result in higher “highs” and quicker “crashes,”.
Withdrawal from cocaine addiction is usually manifested in three main phases: the initial crash, acute withdrawal, and extinction period.
Crash period: The crash may last between nine hours and four days. The crash symptoms are generally the opposite of the stimulant effects. A person in the crash phase of cocaine addiction withdrawal may sleep for days, notice an increase in appetite, and feel depressed and agitated.
Acute withdrawal: During acute withdrawal from cocaine addiction — which may continue for 1-3 weeks irritability, fatigue, depression, insomnia, anxiety, and drug cravings are common.
Extinction period: Cravings for cocaine along with depressed moods and even potentially suicidal thoughts may continue for several months after stopping use of cocaine.
Cocaine addiction withdrawal is unlike withdrawal from most other substances, as there is a lack of many physical symptoms. As a result, withdrawal from cocaine is not considered to be life-threatening. Cocaine addiction features cravings and the emotional turmoil associated with withdrawal is best treated by Clarity’s trained staff and mental health professionals who are all trained in cocaine abuse and cocaine addiction. Our highly trained staff can provide the necessary psychological support and care during detox from cocaine addiction and throughout ongoing recovery.

Get Help Now - Treatment for Cocaine Addiction

Seeking treatment for cocaine addiction is the first step to true recovery. Research has shown that Clarity’s treatment programme offers cocaine addiction the best chance of recovery. Our cocaine treatment programme is best suited to meet the needs and preferences of the individual patient that is suffering from cocaine addiction. For help with cocaine addiction call us now.

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